2.9.2 Key References and Supporting WHO Guidelines

Badri, M., Cleary, S., Maartens, G., Pitt, J., Bekker, L. G., Orrell, C., et al. (2006). When to initiate highly active antiretroviral therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa? A South African cost-effectiveness study. Antiviral Therapy, 11(1), 63-72.

Badri, M., Ehrlich, R., Wood, R., & Maartens, G. (2001). Initiating co-trimoxazole prophylaxis in HIV-infected patients in africa: An evaluation of the provisional WHO/UNAIDS recommendations. AIDS (London, England), 15(9), 1143-1148.

Badri M, Maartens G, Mandalia S, Bekker L G, Penrod JR, Platt RW, et al. (2006). Cost-effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. PLoS Medicine, 3(1), e4.

Deghaye N, Pawinski RA, & Desmond C. (2006). Financial and economic costs of scaling up the provision of HAART to HIV-infected health care workers in KwaZulu-natal. South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde, 96(2), 140-143.

International Planned Parenthood Federation, University of California San Francisco Global Health Sciences , UNAIDS, United Nations Population Fund, World Health Organization. (2008) Sexual & Reproductive Health and HIV: Linkages: Evidence Review and Recommendations. Available http://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2008/linkages_evidence.PDF

Jensen PA, Lambert LA, Iademarco MF, Ridzon R. (2005). Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health-care settings. Morbidity and Mortality Weekley Report, Recommendations and Reports, 54(RR17);1-141

Kiragu K, Nyumbu M, Ngulube TJ, Njobvu P, Mwaba C, Kalimbwe A, et al. (2008). Caring for caregivers: An HIV/AIDS workplace intervention for hospital staff in Zimbabwe. Horizons Final Report.,

Moodley PP, & Bachman CO. (2002). Inequity in occupational health services for government hospital workers in South Africa. Occupational Medicine, 52(7), 393-399.

Yassi A, McGill ML, Khokhar JB. (1995a) Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a needleless intravenous access system. American Journal of Infection Control, 23(2):57-64.Yassi A, Tate R, Cooper J, Snow C, Vallentyne S, Khokhar J. (1995b) Early intervention for back-injured nurses at a large Canadian tertiary care hospital: An evaluation of the effectiveness and cost benefit of a 2-year pilot project. Occupational Medicine, 45(4):209-214.Wheeler M. (2009). Development of policy guidelines for health worker access to prevention, treatment, care and support for HIV/TB (TREAT): A preliminary review of the published literature. Unpublished manuscript.

Spiegel JM, Yassi A, Ronald LA, Tate RB, Hacking P, Colby T. Implementing a resident lifting system in an extended care hospital. Demonstrating cost-benefit. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal: 50(3):128-134.

WHO, USAID, and FHI, Strategic Considerations for Strengthening the Linkages between Family Planning and HIV/AIDS Policies, Programmes, and Services, (Kampala, Uganda: FHI, 2009)

Supported by Existing Guidelines:

ILO/WHO guidelines on health services and HIV/AIDS, 2005- 19f:

19. Health policy needs to cover and promote collaboration among all relevant institutions including teaching, district and private hospitals and clinics, occupational health services, community health services, dispensaries and home-based care associations, and faith-based and other national and international NGOs. Governments should therefore: (f) prioritize, and make adequate budgetary provisions for, human resources, infrastructure, equipment and materials for effective service delivery to patients and protection of health-care workers.

ILO/WHO PEP guidelines, 2008

TB infection control, 2009- Comprehensive budgeting 2.2.1 activity 1b:

  • 2.2.1 Activity 1 - Identify and strengthen a coordinating body for infection control, and develop a comprehensive budgeted plan that includes human resource requirements for implementation of TB infection control at all levels
  • Activity 1b - Conduct comprehensive planning and budgeting Implementation of a TB infection control plan requires comprehensive planning and integration with other national infection control efforts at all levels. Resources required for each element of TB infection control should be accurately costed, and necessary resources identified. Planning and financing the design, construction, renovation and optimal use of buildings, and evaluation of the choice of environmental controls to be implemented, is essential. These activities should be based on infection control assessment of the facilities and informed by socioeconomic considerations. The roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder in implementing and monitoring each element of TB infection control must be clearly defined.

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