4.4.4 Infection control

Infection control is vital to both inpatient and outpatient management of MDR/RR-TB patients and for the community. Within facilities, adequate ventilation, upper-room germicidal ultraviolet light systems and appropriate respirators for staff should be considered (i.e. N95 masks). Ventilation is also important at home, and education about personal safety and practices related to cough hygiene should be provided for patients and families (34). Most TB patients are likely to become noninfectious within weeks of commencing an effective treatment (35).

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